Who published the Bengal Gazette?

 

Who published the Bengal Gazette?

 

From 1780, James Augustus Hicky, an Irishman began to publish a weekly magazine called Bengal Gazette.

 

The first newspaper published by an Indian was the Bengal Gazette brought out by Gangadhar Bhattacharya.

 

What change did the British introduce in the art of painting in India?

 

British introduced a realistic style of painting in India and also brought with them the technique of Oil Painting, Landscape Painting and Portrait Painting.

 

What were the Band Stands?

 

British created ‘Band Stands’ in most of the major cities where they lived. Live programmes of musical band took place every evening.

 

Who painted the image of Bharat Mata?

 

Abanindranath Tagore – the nephew of Rabindranath Tagore painted the image of Bharat Mata.

 

List the new forms of publications.

 

The new forms of publications were-

 

Novels based on human emotions, relationships and experiences.

Short stories and

Essays about social and political themes.

What was the special contribution of Premchand to Hindi literature?

 

Premchand was a great Hindi writer and novelist. He highlighted social and economic issues related to the lifestyles of Indians.

 

How did photography become an important source of history?

 

In the British period, a new and a very authentic source of information is photography. Photographs of the colonial period are a visual record of important events of Indian history.

 

Who was the leader of African literature of Negritude Movement?

 

The leader of African literature of Negritude Movement was Leopold Senghor of Senegal.

 

How did Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay influence our freedom fighters?

 

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay influenced our freedom fighters by writing

 

Powerful stories related to Indian heroes, heritage and culture.

Patriotic theme of his novels Durgeshnandini (1865) and Anandamath.

‘Vande Mataram’, the theme song of our freedom struggle was included in the novel Anandamath.

Write a note on the paintings based on historical themes or history paintings.

 

The British introduced history paintings or paintings based on historical themes.

 

To show their power, their main objectives was-

 

To glorify the achievements and victories.

The victories in the Revolt of 1857.

The defeat of Tipu Sultan of Mysore

Who introduced printing technology in India? Name the first newspaper published by an Indian?

 

The Portuguese were the first to introduce printing press in India. In Goa-1557.

The East India Company of England established their printing press at Bombay in 1684.

The first newspaper published by Gangadhar Bhattacharya-an Indian, was the ‘Bengal Gazette’.

What change was brought by the introduction of printing in India?

 

With the growth of education and political consciousness in India, there was an immense increase in the number of newspapers.

The invention of printing press had helped in mobilizing and brought awareness on major issues of national interest.

Who was Raja Ravi Verma? Write about his painting style.

 

Raja Ravi Verma belonged to the royal family of Travancore in Kerala.

His paintings adopted the western style of oil paintings.

But his themes were from Indian Mythology, e.g., Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Name two musicians of Indian music (Hindustani) of North India.

 

The two musicians of Indian music (Hindustani) of North India were;

 

Pandit Vishnu Digambar palushkar and

Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande.

The early paintings drew themes from mythology or court affairs. Why?(hots)

 

Because:

 

Mythology paintings was to make people god fearing, sometimes devotion to the divine.

Court affairs to make them duty-bound.

Paintings like Bharat Mata to make them patriotic or express nationalism.

Give an account of the Kalighat paintings. Write a short note on Kalighat paintings.

 

Local scroll painters and potters created Kalighat Paintings.

They lived around the temple of Kalighat in Calcutta in the early 19th

Main themes of these paintings were mythological i.e., images of Gods and Goddesses.

From the middle of 19th century, the painters also took up social and political themes.

They painted caricatures and cartoons of the western lifestyle and western habits.

What were portrait paintings? What was their purpose?

 

Portrait paintings were the paintings of new style.

British introduced portraits of life size images.

The portraits of the rich and powerful British and Indian Rajas were aimed at displaying their status and wealth.

Literature and paintings both were inspired with the feeling of nationalism. Why? (Hots)

 

English education brought people from different parts of India close to one another.

The unjust British policies and agitation due to the growing consciousness among the Indians helped in the growth of nationalist feelings.

These feelings got expression in the literature and paintings.

Explain influence of European art on traditional Indian paintings.

 

Europeans introduced a realistic style of painting in India, which were life-like with the technique of ‘oil painting’.

They introduced ‘landscape paintings’, it depicts the natural beauty of India.

British introduced ‘portrait paintings’ of life-size images. The portraits of the rich and powerful British and Indian Rajas were aimed at displaying their status and wealth.

The British introduced ‘history paintings’ or paintings based on historical themes, to show their power, their main objectives was-

To glorify the achievements and victories.

The victories in the Revolt of 1857.

The defeat of Tipu Sultan of Mysore

Discuss how with the advent of the British new forms of literacy works were created?

 

With the advent of the British new forms of literacy works were created.

 

Traditionally, religious and mythological themes were the topic for Indian writings.

But under the influence of the British secular themes expressed through-

Novels

Dramas

Short stories

Essays began to be composed and printed.

Freedom struggle was popular subject of these writings.

Other social and economic issues like-

Indian’s poverty

Caste discrimination

Exploitation of women was also taken up by writers.

Write a short note on flowering of literature.

 

Under the influence of the British, secular themes expressed through-

Novels,

Dramas

Short stories

Essays began to be composed and printed instead of religious and mythological themes.

India’s freedom struggle, poverty, caste discrimination and exploitation of women were also a matter of these writings.

Varieties of literary works were written by Indian writers in regional languages like Hindi, Bengali, Urdu, Malayalam, Telegu, Tamil, Kannada and Marathi.

Premchand, a great Hindi writer and novelist highlighted social and economic issues related to the lifestyle of Indians.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay influenced our freedom fighters by writing

Powerful stories related to Indian heroes, heritage and culture.

Patriotic theme of his novels Durgeshnandini (1865)and

‘Vande Mataram’, the theme song of our freedom struggle was included in the novel Anandamath.

Sharath Chandra Chattopadhyay, the most popular novelist of Bengal wrote powerful stories and his novels were translated in many other Indian languages.

Rabindranath Tagore also made major contributions through novels, short stories, and poems. He became the first Indian to receive the Nobel Prize for his work ‘Gitanjali’.

Muhammad Iqbal, the great Urdu poet, composed the song, ‘Sare Jahan Se Achcha, Hindustan Hamara.’

Numerous other writers wrote in other regional languages making 19th to 20th century a remarkable period in Indian literature.

Value added: in this age of modernity, the family bonding is weakening and relations are degrading very rapidly. What would you do to maintain a healthy relation with your family members and neighbours? How will you achieve this goal of harmonious relation with all?

கருத்துரையிடுக

0 கருத்துகள்
* Please Don't Spam Here. All the Comments are Reviewed by Admin.