Monday, 6 April 2020

BACTERIAL DISEASES -ENGLISH MEDIUM - BIOLOGY - 5

HUMAN DISEASES

 I. BACTERIAL DISEASES

TUBERCULOSIS

 - mycobacterium tuberculosis, infection in lungs that causes high fever.

 - BCG (bacillus – calmette-guerin) vaccine

DIPHTHERIA

- Mainly from 2-5 yrs, corynebacterium diphtheria.

- using DPT vaccine (Diphtheria, whooping cough and tetanus)

WHOOPING COUGH or Pertussis

- Bacillus Pertussis

- Use of DPT Vaccine

CHOLERA

 - Vibrio comma

DIARRHOEA

- Pathogens responsible for these diseases are Escherichia coli, Shigella sp., Campylobacteria and Salmonella

LEPROSY or Hansen’s disease - rod –shaped bacterium Mycobacterium leprae.

TETANUS

- clostridiumtetani. Disease of the C.N.S. (also called lock-jaw)

 - ATS (Anti-tetanus serum) is prescribed

PNEUMONIA

- Streptococcus penumoniae

 TYPHOID

- Caused by Salmonella typhi which is found in the intestine of humans.
- Vaccine TAB (Typhoid Para A & B)

PLAGUE

- Plague is primarily a disease of rat. It is caused by rod shaped bacterium Pasteurella/ Yersineapestis

ANTHRAX

- Bacillus anthracis
- It is most common in agricultural regions where it occurs in animals, but it can also occur in humans.

GONORRHOEA

- Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is transmitted through sexual contace (It is an infection of the mucous membrane of the urinogenital tract)
- It may result in female sterility.

SYPHILIS

- Sexual disease caused by a bacteria, TreponemaPilludum, transmitted through sexual contacts.

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